Time-lapse seismic technology has been implemented at the Violet Grove CO 2 injection pilot to monitor the CO 2 injection and storage in the Cardium Formation. A multi-component 2.5D surface seismic baseline survey was acquired in March 2005, prior to CO 2 injection; after 9 months of CO 2 injection, the first monitor multicomponent surface seismic survey was acquired in December 2005.
Different time-lapse analysis methods, such as time shift, amplitude difference, Vp/Vs, post-stack impedance inversion, and AVO, were tested. Subtle changes at the Cardium Sand in the PS data and P-wave impedance inversion were found along Line 1 between the monitor and baseline surveys, but differences on Line 2 and 3 and in the 3D volume were less clear.
The analysis showed no significant changes in the seismic data above the reservoir, from which it is interpreted that no leakage is occurring from the reservoir. The lack of predicted anomalies at the Cardium level indicates also that the CO 2 is probably confined to a thin layer ( XML error: XML_ERR_NAME_REQUIRED at line 32