Seismic data interpolation using a fast generalized Fourier transform

Mostafa Naghizadeh, Kristopher A. Innanen

We propose a fast and efficient method for interpolation of nonstationary seismic data. The proposed method utilizes fast generalized Fourier transform (FGFT) to identify the space-wavenumber evolution of nonstationary spatial signals at each temporal frequency. Next, a least-squares fitting scheme is used to retrieve the optimal FGFT coefficients representative of the ideal interpolated data. For randomly sampled data on a regular grid we seek a sparse representation of FGFT coefficients in order to retrieve the missing samples. Also, to interpolate the regularly sampled seismic data at a given frequency, we use a mask function derived from the FGFT coefficients of the low frequencies. Synthetic and real data examples are provided to examine the performance of the proposed method.