Decomposition of surface consistent statics

Steven M. Kim, John C. Bancroft

Traveltime differences between traces and a model trace may be decomposed into source and receiver statics. The decomposition of these statics is a difficult problem because the inversion process is rank deficient. The rank can be increased by adding a stabilizing equation to make the process invertable. Three stabilizing equations are tested and evaluated to demonstrate their effectiveness in stabilizing the process.